SQL Server Default Counters

Measurement

Description

% Total Processor Time

The average percentage of time that all the processors on the system are busy executing non-idle threads. On a multi-processor system, if all processors are always busy, this is 100%, if all processors are 50% busy this is 50% and if 1/4 of the processors are 100% busy this is 25%. It can be viewed as the fraction of the time spent doing useful work. Each processor is assigned an Idle thread in the Idle process which consumes those unproductive processor cycles not used by any other threads.

Cache Hit Ratio

The percentage of time that a requested data page was found in the data cache (instead of being read from disk).

I/O - Batch Writes/sec

The number of pages written to disk per second, using Batch I/O. The checkpoint thread is the primary user of Batch I/O.

I/O - Lazy Writes/sec

The number of pages flushed to disk per second by the Lazy Writer.

I/O - Outstanding Reads

The number of physical reads pending.

I/O - Outstanding Writes

The number of physical writes pending.

I/O - Page Reads/sec

The number of physical page reads per second.

I/O - Transactions/sec

The number of Transact-SQL command batches executed per second.

User Connections

The number of open user connections.

% Processor Time

The percentage of time that the processor is executing a non-idle thread. This counter was designed as a primary indicator of processor activity. It is calculated by measuring the time that the processor spends executing the thread of the idle process in each sample interval, and subtracting that value from 100%. (Each processor has an idle thread which consumes cycles when no other threads are ready to run). It can be viewed as the percentage of the sample interval spent doing useful work. This counter displays the average percentage of busy time observed during the sample interval. It is calculated by monitoring the time the service was inactive, and then subtracting that value from 100%.

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